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High Blood Pressure

Blood pressure is the force of blood against your artery walls as it circulates through your body. Blood pressure normally rises and falls throughout the day, but it can cause health problems if it stays high for a long time. Having high blood pressure raises your risk for heart disease and stroke, leading causes of death.

Blood pressure is the force of blood against your artery walls as it circulates through your body. Blood pressure normally rises and falls throughout the day, but it can cause health problems if it stays high for a long time. Having high blood pressure raises your risk for heart disease and stroke, leading causes of death.

Blood Pressure Signs and Symptoms

High blood pressure is called the "silent killer" because many people don't realize they have it. High blood pressure often has no warning signs or symptoms. The only way to detect whether or not you have high blood pressure is to have your blood pressure measured by a doctor or health professional.

Effects of High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure can damage your health in many ways.

  • Chest pain, also called angina
  • Heart failure
  • Heart attack, which occurs when the blood supply to your heart is blocked and heart muscle cells die from a lack of oxygen
  • High blood pressure can burst or block arteries that supply blood and oxygen to the brain, causing a stroke

Blood Pressure Levels

  • Normal: less than 120mmHg/ less than 80mmHg
  • At risk: 120-139mmHg/80-89mmHg
  • Hypertension: 140mmHg or higher /90mmHg or higher

Prevent or treat you hypertension

  • You can reduce your risk of hypertension by eating a healthy diet, maintaining a healthy weight, and being physically active.
  • Check your blood pressure. Getting your blood pressure checked is important because high blood pressure often has no symptoms. Your doctor can measure your blood pressure. You can also use a home monitoring device to measure your blood pressure.
  • Treat high blood pressure. If you already have high blood pressure, your doctor may prescribe medications in addition to lifestyle changes.
  • All drugs may have side effects, so talk with your doctor on a regular basis. As your blood pressure improves, your doctor will want to monitor it often.

 

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